Women’s sports medicine is an increasingly important field as more girls and women participate in sports and exercise programs. Besides all of the potential benefits of physical activity, there are certain risks involved which make it necessary for women to watch out for these issues. From time to time you will be able to handle these yourself with the right information, although there will no doubt be times when you need to consult a physician or sports medicine specialist. Below you will find some health and sports related issues that are known to affect women making them important for you to be aware of.
Many sports related injuries can be prevented by simply preparing in the right way for the activity you’ll be taking part in. This starts off with wearing the right clothes or gear, including your footwear and any protective gear. To prevent injuries, make sure to stretch and loosen your muscles before any workout or activity. For your cool down, it’s a good idea to do some stretching after your activity. Wearing clothes that are loose will enable you to move around freely. If you’ve recently had any injuries, you may need to take extra precautions in this area, such as wrapping up a knee or elbow.
Some girls and women develop body image problems that cause them to work out intensely and not eat enough to provide them with the nutrients their bodies need. In the most extreme cases this problem with body image can lead to eating disorders known as anorexia and bulimia which are conditions where the person is so obsessed with losing weight that she will starve herself to achieve weight loss. These conditions are most prevalent in sports where being thin is especially emphasized such as gymnastics and figure skating. The risks associated with being too thin are just as important as those associated with being overweight especially for the very active individual, both can be quite dangerous. This is primarily a psychological issue although it can have some pretty serious medical side effects.
With the changing times it has become known that exercising when pregnant is not a bad choice although some years ago this was not the case. These days, however, doctors have proven that exercise during pregnancy is beneficial for both mother and baby especially during delivery. As an example, we found a study that claims that those pregnant women who regularly exercised during pregnancy had less time in labor as compared with women who didn’t by at least 1/3. If you’re pregnant, you should seek the advice of your doctor to find out what type of exercise is safe. Certain considerations should be made however, such as drinking plenty of water, avoiding exercise that strains the abdominal region and being careful not to overstrain yourself.
Women’s sports medicine typically involves a variety of issues in which factors such as age and activity type or sport play a role in the concerns you have. Consulting a physician who knows what they’re talking about in sports medicine is the best way to get advice on these issues and can also help you avoid trips to the doctor by taking some basic precautions.